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Home arrow News arrow ICAO entscheidet: Brennstoffzellbetriebene Consumer Electronics dürfen mit ins Flugzeug

ICAO entscheidet: Brennstoffzellbetriebene Consumer Electronics dürfen mit ins Flugzeug PDF Drucken
Entscheidung des Gefahrgutausschusses der Internationalen Zivilluftfahrtbehörde International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) vom November 2005: "Micro methanol fuel cells get approval for airplane use" (Dokument in englischer Sprache):

(Arlington, VA, November 7, 2005) At a meeting held last week in Montreal, Canada, the International Civil Aviation Organization’s Dangerous Goods Panel (ICAO DGP) for the first time voted to allow passengers to carry and use micro fuel cells and methanol fuel cartridges on-board airplanes to power their laptop computers and other consumer electronic devices. The DGP action will be submitted for comment to all ICAO members around the world, and will be considered for final adoption by the 36- member ICAO Council as early as April 2006. When formally adopted, the regulation will go into effect on January 1, 2007, with publication of ICAO’s Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air.

“This is a critical milestone in the global commercialization of micro methanol fuel cells,” said Methanol Institute President and CEO John Lynn. “Coupled with strong international design and performance standards, strict air transport regulations will deliver safe and reliable methanol fuel cartridges into consumers’ hands. In a few short years, we expect methanol fuel cartridges to be as commonplace as ‘AA’ batteries on store shelves in every corner of the world.”

From the United States to Europe and Asia, fuel cell companies and consumer electronic manufacturers are developing micro fuel cell technologies to power the next generation of laptop computers, cellular phones and other essential modern devices. Using liquid methanol (also known as “wood alcohol”) as a hydrogen carrier fuel, micro fuel cells represent a completely new portable power technology that will significantly increase run times for consumer electronic devices.

The ICAO DGP action would allow passengers to carry micro fuel cells in the cabin only – and not stowed in checked baggage – along with up to two spare fuel cartridges per person. The passenger allowance covers four types of micro fuel cell systems, those using direct methanol fuel cells (where the liquid methanol reacts directly with the fuel cell), reformed methanol fuel cells (where the liquid methanol is first converted to hydrogen gas before being fed to the fuel cell), and fuel cells powered by formic acid and butane fuels. The DGP did not act on proposals to include the use of hydrogen in metal hydrides and borohydride compounds.

The ICAO DGP action follows a vote last year by the United Nations Dangerous Goods Panel establishing model regulations for cargo shipping methanol fuel cartridges for micro fuel cell devices. These model regulations (UN 3473) are used by countries around the world to establish shipping requirements for methanol cartridges. UN regulations for shipping name and packing instructions for the cargo transport of methanol fuel cartridges also were adopted by the ICAO DGP this week in Montreal.

Another key step facilitating the ICAO DGP’ s approval was the adoption of a design and performance specification this October by the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC). Approved as a Publicly Available Specification (IEC 62282-6-1), the specification was developed by an international panel of industry and safety experts to ensure the safe design of micro fuel cells and fuel cartridges. The specification requires that fuel cell devices and fuel cartridges pass rigorous testing, and include external markings notifying consumers of IEC certification. In 2006, the IEC will formally adopt a full international design and performance standard for micro fuel cells and fuel cartridges.

The Methanol Institute and fuel cell industry leaders have worked for four years with national and international agencies and standards authorities to determine transportation and consumer safety needs and incorporate them into regulatory and standards requirements.

Established in 1944 as a specialized agency of the United Nations, the International Civil Aviation Organization’ s chief activity is standardization, the establishment of International Standards, Recommended Practices and Procedures covering the technical fields of aviation. After a standard is adopted, it is put into effect by each ICAO Contracting State in its own territories. As aviation technology continues to rapidly develop, the Standards are kept under constant review and amended as necessary.

Source: The Methanol Institute, 4100 North Fairfax Drive, Suite 740, Arlington, VA 22203, USA Tel. 001-703-248-3636
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